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Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105: The Ultimate Guide for CBSE Students



Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105: A Comprehensive Guide for CBSE Students




If you are a CBSE student who is looking for a reliable and comprehensive guide for economics class 12, you might have heard of Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105. This ebook is one of the most popular and recommended books for economics class 12 by CBSE students and teachers alike. But what is Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 and why is it so important for CBSE students? What are the main features and benefits of this ebook? How can you access and download it? In this article, we will answer all these questions and more. We will also provide you with some tips and tricks on how to use this ebook effectively for your revision, practice, exam preparation, and knowledge enhancement.




Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105


Download File: https://www.google.com/url?q=https%3A%2F%2Furlcod.com%2F2ucgtx&sa=D&sntz=1&usg=AOvVaw1jo3xMb_c4Q24RBO6bnRW-



Introduction




Economics is one of the most important subjects for class 12 students who have opted for commerce stream. It helps them to understand the basic concepts and principles of microeconomics and macroeconomics, which are essential for understanding the functioning of the economy, markets, firms, consumers, government policies, national income, money, banking, international trade, etc. However, economics can also be a challenging subject for many students who find it difficult to grasp the abstract theories, formulas, diagrams, graphs, calculations, etc. Therefore, they need a good guide that can help them to learn and master economics in a simple and easy way.


That's where Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 comes in handy. This ebook is written by Sandeep Garg, who is a renowned author and teacher of economics. He has more than 25 years of experience in teaching economics to CBSE students and has written several books on economics for class 11 and 12. Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 is his latest book that is designed to cater to the needs and expectations of CBSE students who are preparing for the board exams in 2023-24. This ebook is based on the latest CBSE syllabus and guidelines and covers all the topics and concepts of economics class 12 in a comprehensive and systematic manner.


Some of the main features and benefits of Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 are:



  • It provides a clear and concise explanation of the concepts and topics of economics class 12 with the help of examples, diagrams, tables, graphs, and case studies.



  • It follows the NCERT textbook and provides additional information and insights on the topics that are not covered in the NCERT textbook.



  • It includes a variety of questions and exercises at the end of each chapter to test your understanding and application of the concepts and topics. These questions include objective type, short answer type, long answer type, numerical problems, etc.



  • It also provides solutions and hints to the questions and exercises at the end of each chapter to help you check your answers and correct your mistakes.



  • It also provides sample papers, previous year papers, mock tests, etc. to help you practice and prepare for the board exams.



  • It also provides tips and tricks on how to score high marks in economics class 12 by following the CBSE marking scheme, writing skills, presentation skills, time management skills, etc.



  • It is available in both paperback and ebook formats. You can buy or download it from Amazon or other online sources at an affordable price.



To access and download Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105, you can follow these steps:



  • Go to Amazon.in and search for Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105.



  • Select the ebook format and click on Buy Now or Add to Cart.



  • Complete the payment process using your preferred mode of payment.



  • After the payment is done, you will receive a confirmation email with a link to download the ebook.



  • Click on the link and download the ebook to your device.



  • You can also access the ebook from your Amazon account or Kindle app.



Content and Structure of Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105




Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 is divided into two parts: Part A: Introductory Macroeconomics and Part B: Indian Economic Development. Each part consists of several chapters that cover the topics and concepts of economics class 12 in detail. Here is a brief overview of the content and structure of Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105:


Part A: Introductory Macroeconomics




This part deals with the basic concepts and principles of macroeconomics, which are related to the aggregate behavior and performance of the economy as a whole. It covers the following chapters:



  • Chapter 1: Introduction: This chapter introduces you to the meaning, scope, importance, limitations, and methods of macroeconomics. It also explains the difference between microeconomics and macroeconomics, the circular flow of income, the concept of national income, and the basic macroeconomic identities.



  • Chapter 2: National Income Accounting: This chapter explains how to measure the national income and related aggregates such as gross domestic product (GDP), gross national product (GNP), net national product (NNP), national disposable income (NDI), personal income (PI), personal disposable income (PDI), etc. It also explains how to calculate these aggregates using different methods such as value added method, income method, expenditure method, etc. It also discusses the problems and limitations of national income accounting.



  • Chapter 3: Money And Banking: This chapter explains the meaning, functions, types, supply, demand, and value of money. It also explains how money is created by commercial banks through credit creation. It also explains how money is controlled by central banks through monetary policy instruments such as open market operations, bank rate policy, cash reserve ratio (CRR), statutory liquidity ratio (SLR), repo rate, reverse repo rate, etc. It also discusses the role and functions of central banks such as Reserve Bank of India (RBI).



the level of income and employment in an economy is determined by the equilibrium between aggregate demand and aggregate supply. It also explains the concepts of macroeconomic equilibrium, aggregate demand, aggregate supply, consumption function, saving function, investment function, multiplier, etc. It also discusses the factors that affect the aggregate demand and aggregate supply curves and cause shifts in them.


  • Chapter 5: Government Budget And The Economy: This chapter explains the meaning, objectives, components, types, and effects of government budget on the economy. It also explains how the government budget can be used as a fiscal policy tool to influence the aggregate demand and output in the economy. It also discusses the concepts of budget deficit, surplus, balanced budget, revenue deficit, fiscal deficit, primary deficit, public debt, etc. It also analyses the impact of public debt on economic growth and stability.



  • Chapter 6: Balance Of Payments: This chapter explains the meaning, components, structure, and accounting of balance of payments (BOP). It also explains how to measure the balance of trade (BOT), balance of services (BOS), balance of income (BOI), current account balance (CAB), capital account balance (KAB), financial account balance (FAB), and overall BOP. It also discusses the causes and consequences of BOP surplus and deficit. It also explains how to correct BOP disequilibrium using monetary policy, fiscal policy, exchange rate policy, trade policy, etc.



Part B: Indian Economic Development




This part deals with the development issues and challenges faced by the Indian economy since independence. It covers the following chapters:



  • Chapter 7: Development Experience Of India: A Comparison With Neighbours: This chapter compares the development experience of India with its two neighbouring countries: China and Pakistan. It analyses the similarities and differences in their economic growth, human development indicators, population growth, poverty reduction, sectoral composition, trade performance, etc. It also discusses the factors that have contributed to their divergent development paths.



  • Chapter 8: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence: This chapter provides a brief overview of the state of Indian economy on the eve of independence in 1947. It describes the low level of economic development, agricultural stagnation, industrial backwardness, foreign trade dependence, demographic conditions, social backwardness, etc. that characterized the colonial economy. It also highlights the positive aspects of Indian economy such as rich natural resources, skilled artisans, diversified handicrafts industry, etc.



  • Chapter 9: Indian Economy 1950-1990: This chapter traces the evolution of Indian economy from 1950 to 1990. It covers the main features and achievements of various five year plans implemented during this period. It also covers the major policies and reforms undertaken in agriculture, industry, trade, foreign exchange, public sector, etc. It also evaluates the performance and problems of Indian economy in terms of growth rate, poverty alleviation, employment generation, regional disparities, etc.



Chapter 10: Economic Reforms Since 1991: This chapter explains the need and rationale for economic reforms since 1991. It covers the main features and objectives of various economic reforms introduced in different sectors such as industrial policy, and master economics class 12. However, to use this ebook effectively, you need to follow some tips and tricks. Here are some of them:



  • Read the ebook thoroughly and carefully. Do not skip or skim any chapter or topic. Pay attention to the definitions, formulas, diagrams, graphs, tables, examples, and case studies.



  • Make notes of the important points and concepts while reading the ebook. Highlight or underline the key terms and phrases. Use different colors or symbols to mark the important or difficult topics.



  • Revise the ebook regularly and frequently. Review the notes and summaries at the end of each chapter. Recall and recite the main points and concepts in your own words.



  • Practice the questions and exercises at the end of each chapter. Try to solve them without looking at the solutions or hints. Check your answers and correct your mistakes. Learn from your errors and improve your skills.



  • Attempt the sample papers, previous year papers, mock tests, etc. provided in the ebook. Solve them within the given time limit and follow the CBSE marking scheme. Evaluate your performance and identify your strengths and weaknesses.



  • Use the tips and tricks provided in the ebook on how to score high marks in economics class 12. Follow the CBSE guidelines on writing skills, presentation skills, time management skills, etc.



  • Use other sources of reference or research to supplement your learning from the ebook. Consult your teachers, peers, tutors, online platforms, etc. for any doubts or queries.



  • Enjoy reading and learning from the ebook. Do not treat it as a burden or a chore. Develop an interest and curiosity in economics and its applications.



Conclusion




Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 is one of the best books for economics class 12 by CBSE students. It covers all the topics and concepts of economics class 12 in a comprehensive and systematic manner. It provides a clear and concise explanation of the concepts and topics with the help of examples, diagrams, tables, graphs, and case studies. It also includes a variety of questions and exercises to test your understanding and application of the concepts and topics. It also provides sample papers, previous year papers, mock tests, etc. to help you practice and prepare for the board exams. It also provides tips and tricks on how to score high marks in economics class 12 by following the CBSE marking scheme, writing skills, presentation skills, time management skills, etc.


If you are a CBSE student who is looking for a reliable and comprehensive guide for economics class 12, you should definitely buy or download Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 from Amazon or other online sources at an affordable price. It will help you to learn and master economics class 12 in a simple and easy way.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions related to Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 with brief answers:



  • Q: How many pages does Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 have?



  • A: Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 has about 456 pages in paperback format and about 362 pages in ebook format.



  • Q: How much does Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 cost?



  • A: Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 costs about 460 for paperback format and about 336 for ebook format on Amazon.in.



  • Q: Is Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 based on NCERT textbook?



  • A: Yes, Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 is based on NCERT textbook and follows its content and structure. However, it also provides additional information and insights on the topics that are not covered in the NCERT textbook.



  • Q: Is Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 sufficient for board exams?



  • A: Yes, Sandeep Garg Economics Class 12 Ebook 105 is sufficient for board exams as it covers all the topics and concepts of economics class 12 as per the CBSE syllabus and guidelines. It also provides sample papers, previous year papers, mock tests, etc. to help you practice and prepare for the board exams.



  • Q: How can I contact Sandeep Garg for any feedback or query?



  • A: You can contact Sandeep Garg through his email address sandeepgarg.economics@gmail.com or his website www.sandeepgarg.com.



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